Wet risers are installed into new buildings above 50 metres, or in cases where it is difficult to provide a suitable breeching inlet position to a dry riser.
Wet rising mains are intended for use by the fire brigade or other trained personnel.
They are vertical mains fitted into staircase enclosures or other suitable positions, with outlet valves on each floor and connected to an automatic water supply. Wet rising mains are designed to supply 1,500 litres per minute for 45 minutes as a minimum.
The water supply consists of a tank with a minimum nominal size of 45m³ which is split across two compartments and two automatic fire pumps (duty and stand-by).
The tank has a breeching inlet fitted at ground level to enable the fire brigade to fill the wet riser tank remotely, it also must have an automatic infill valve from the towns’ main to ensure the tank is full at all times. The tanks are fitted with an automatic warning system to allow the fire brigade to know their water level, avoiding the tank becoming empty or overfilled.
To comply with the current British Standard BS9990 2015, the minimum outlet pressure required at each wet riser valve is 8 bars. Due to the height of the building and the pressures used, pressure regulating valves (PRVs) are fitted to the outlets at each floor.
In addition, a permanent means of testing needs to be provided. This is usually done by performing a test drain which discharges either to a drain, sump or returned to the wet riser tank.